Several weeks ago I posed nine changes that would make football safer without radically altering the sport. While most of the feedback I received was positive, naysayers took issue with one proposal in particular.
Kids should not play tackle football before age 14.
Before I lay out the arguments against tackle football prior to high school, let me point out the obvious (at least to me). A ban on youth tackle football is coming. It’s going to happen soon.
Last week, legislators in New York and Illinois proposed laws to ban tackle football at the youth level. I expect states across the country to follow suit in the coming years.
Last month, researchers from Boston University published a study showing CTE in teenage athletes who had been exposed to repeated head impacts. The study offers compelling evidence that CTE is not just a risk for NFL players.
With a decade of research on CTE and long-term brain damage in football, it’s clear that the risks are based on how long an athlete plays the sport and how many repetitive impacts he takes. If you cut down on the number of years of play, you significantly decrease the number of head impacts and risk of later brain degeneration.
While other sports involve head impacts, football players by far sustain the highest number. Almost all young players absorb at least 100 per season. Most receive 500 or more per season.
We now know those head impacts have a detrimental effect on kids’ brains. Football players who start playing before age 12 are three times more likely to develop depression and twice as likely to have issues with behavior and impulse control as an adult.
Other sports have stepped up efforts to decrease head impacts. USA Hockey eliminated body checking until age 13. US Lacrosse made any stick contact to the head a penalty at the 14-and-under level. US Soccer removed heading for players under age 11 and limited heading in practice until age 14.
Eliminating tackle football and having kids play flag football until age 14 is the appropriate next step. Numerous former players, coaches and experts agree with a ban on tackle football for kids, including NFL greats Jim Harbaugh, Mike Ditka, Jim McMahon, John Madden, Nick Buoniconti and Brett Favre. Super Bowl LII halftime performer Justin Timberlake said he would never let his son play football. Even Super Bowl-winning tight end Zach Ertz doesn’t feel tackling is necessary before high school.
Before you blurt out that young players can’t learn the game and succeed at the next level without tackling and blocking, consider the players who didn’t play tackle football growing up. Tom Brady, Jerry Rice, Jim Brown, Walter Payton and Lawrence Taylor are just a few of the pro football stars who didn’t play tackle football until high school.
Don’t use the argument that tackle football is necessary to teach kids discipline and teamwork. All team sports can instill positive virtues. The same goes for the argument that kids need the exercise. They can stay in shape playing all kinds of sports.
In fact, not being 250 or 300 pounds and instead being light and fast enough to play flag football is probably better for their health. And tackle football is not the only sport or activity that can occupy kids and keep them out of trouble.
Parents can decide if they want to expose their kids to the risks of head impacts and possible behavioral and neurologic problems later in life. Clearly many have decided tackle football isn’t worth the risk. Participation has dropped almost 30 percent between 2008 and 2016.
The multi-billion dollar football industry seems more concerned with its viability and financial interests going forward than the health of kids, telling parents that football is safe despite overwhelming evidence that it’s not. Rather than finding real solutions, leaders of USA Football seem more concerned with “changing the narrative.”
I’ve never been a fan of government regulation, but protecting young kids should be our main concern. We must limit head impacts that can lead to neurologic and behavioral problems, suicide and violence. Whether USA Football voluntarily switches completely to flag football for kids or the government steps in, it’s time to end tackle football for youth leagues.
Dr. Geier is an orthopedic surgeon in Charleston and author of 'That's Gotta Hurt: The Injuries That Changed Sports Forever.'