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COLUMBIA -- Gov. Nikki Haley is opposing the federal government's effort to temporarily halt South Carolina's illegal immigration law while a lawsuit challenging the statute goes forward

Attorneys for Haley argue in court filings that federal law doesn't authorize the lawsuit in the first place.

The government "lacks statutory authorization to bring this action," Attorney General Alan Wilson wrote in a 55-page response filed in federal court Nov. 22. "The Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution simply affords no right of action either to private litigants or to the United States." It would be up to Congress to grant that right, he argued.

Wilson is representing Haley, who was sued last month by the U.S. Department of Justice.

Federal prosecutors are seeking to halt the new law, which takes effect Jan. 1, while their lawsuit challenging its constitutionality moves forward.

South Carolina's law, considered among the toughest in the country, requires all law enforcement officers to call federal immigration officials if they suspect someone is in the country illegally. The question must follow an arrest or traffic stop for something else, and officers are barred from holding someone solely on that suspicion.

Opponents railed against the measure as encouraging racial profiling.

The law also requires businesses to check their new hires' legal status through a federal online system, and revokes operating licenses for businesses that knowingly violate the law. Making fake photo IDs for illegal residents becomes a felony. Illegal immigrants who allow themselves to be given a ride can also face felony charges.

The U.S. Justice Department is challenging similar laws in other states including Arizona and Alabama, saying the measures violate people's rights to due process. Justice Department officials said South Carolina's law, like Alabama's and Arizona's, diverts federal resources from high-priority targets, such as terrorism, drug smuggling and gang activity. They contend the laws will result in the harassment and detention of foreign visitors, legal immigrants and U.S. citizens who can't immediately prove their legal status.

Wilson wrote that he based much of his response on opinions issued in Alabama, where federal judges have allowed some portions of the law to stay in effect but have blocked others. Wilson also noted that South Carolina's law lacks many of the provisions with which an Alabama judge took issue, like prohibitions on rental agreements or encouraging illegal immigrants to enter the state.

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