Forida algae AP file 2.JPG

In this June 29, 2016 photo, boats docked at Central Marine in Stuart, Fla., are surrounded by blue green algae. The massive algae outbreak that recently caked parts of Florida's St. Lucie River with guacamole-thick sludge is just the latest in an annual parade of such man-made afflictions, which have their roots in political and economic decisions made over the past 140 years. File/Greg Lovett/The Palm Beach Post

Senior projects reporter Tony Bartelme reports that harmful algae blooms are a growing worldwide menace, and a lab in Charleston is in the thick of the search to identify unbelievably dangerous toxins.

Read this biological sleuthing story, as well as how South Carolina water systems are spending millions to keep drinking water safe. For a searchable database of algal blooms this year, go to postandcourier.com/scum.

Here is a summary:

Algae blooms are a growing worldwide menace that generate mysterious toxins

Seas, lakes and ponds across the world are “going green” at an alarming rate. Hyperactive algae are the culprits — scum that can generate toxins as deadly as cobra venom.

Algae blooms have smothered manatees in Florida and wiped out sea otters in California. They've killed dogs in Minnesota and made water from South Carolina’s Lake Hartwell taste like dirt.

The summer of 2016, the hottest in recorded history, was a veritable muckfest. Foaming mats of gunk formed in 17 countries. One in Florida turned 33 square miles of Lake Okeechobee the color of guacamole. Carrying a nasty stench, the green slime poured through rivers to the Atlantic and the Gulf. The governor declared a state of emergency in four counties.

We're now in the final heat of this year's scum season, and once again green and brown carpets of algae have closed beaches from New York to California. A new Post and Courier analysis revealed more than 460 blooms in 48 states so far this year.

Yet, hidden in each bloom is a potential mystery. Read more

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Algae Scum

A bright green scum covers a pond at Patriots Point Links, a golf course in Mount Pleasant. Brad Parker, general manager, said he was aware of the algae but hasn’t had any problems related to it. Algae experts say golf course and retention ponds are common breeding grounds for algae because they accumulate fertilizers and other nutrients. Brad Nettles/Staff

And suddenly the water stank: Algae bloom on Lake Hartwell forces water system to spend millions

ANDERSON — For years, people around Lake Hartwell talked about how their water was the tastiest in the state.

Then came the algae.

The bloom formed at the end of the summer of 2013, when the lake's waters were at their warmest.

Soon, complaints poured in like the stinky water flowing into intakes at the Anderson Regional Joint Water System.

"We had won three awards for the quality of our water," said Scott Willett, executive director of the water system. "We went from best to worst."

Read the whole story

Scott Willett, executive director of Anderson Regional Joint Water System

Scott Willett, executive director of Anderson Regional Joint Water System, explains how the utility is spending $13.5 million on a new pre-treatment plant to deal with algae blooms. Tony Bartelme/Staff

When it comes to algae, water sniffers are Charleston's first line of defense

When the Lowcountry warms up, algae begin to grow in Bushy Park Reservoir, the prime drinking source for 400,000 residents in the Charleston area.

Charleston Water System officials say the algae create seasonal taste and odor problems. And they solve it by filtering the water through activated carbon. Read more

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The sniff test Charleston Water System volunteers use their noses to detect dirt-tasting algae

Miranda Torres, a Charleston Water Systems facility technician, was a sniff-tester Thursday. The samples were colored red to help prevent testers from using visual clues in their rankings.

Running Amuck: Harmful algae blooms fouling waters across the nation

Colonies of fast-growing algae and bacteria have struck at least 460 lakes, ponds and streams in the United States this year — blooms that killed cattle and dogs and closed beaches from California to New York, a nationwide analysis by The Post and Courier shows.

Thanks to a warming planet and pollution, harmful algae blooms are a growing menace in the United States and across the world. A new study predicts the number of algae blooms could triple in the next 30 years.

Read more  |  View the map of algae blooms

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algae blooms

A map of algae blooms in the U.S. in 2017.

Reach Tony Bartelme at 843-937-5554. Follow him on Twitter @tbartelme.

Tony Bartelme is senior projects reporter for The Post and Courier. He has earned national honors from the Nieman, Scripps, Loeb and National Press foundations and is a three-time finalist for the Pulitzer Prize. Reach him at 843-937-5554 and @tbartelme