Some facts about the civil rights leader:

--He was a Baptist minister, activist and prominent leader best-known for using nonviolent methods -- peaceful marches and disobedience -- in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world.

--His oratory skills were developed in the pulpit, but he took his message to the street. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president.

--King was known to visit Charleston and the Sea Islands, working behind the scenes to change the segregated South. He stayed at the home of friends who later would join him in his 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech, calling for equality for everyone.

--In 1964, King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and discrimination through nonviolent means.

--He was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tenn. In 1986, Martin Luther King Jr. Day was established as a U.S. federal holiday.

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