Charleston's nearly $500 million investment in fixing the city's drainage woes is continuing as residents, businesses and first-responders find themselves more frequently wading through flooding on both rainy and sunny days.
Surveyors, drain-cleaners and construction workers fan out across the city daily to combat spates of rising water caused by both climate change and years of development.
In February, City Council, including its newly elected officials, was briefed on the status of nearly a dozen major projects before the coronavirus pandemic ground nearly every type of business to halt.
Since then, Charleston Stormwater Director Matthew Fountain says projects are on track and some new proposals should be presented to City Council in the coming months.
Here's where key projects stand:
Downtown's Spring/Fishburne: Excavation continues
That makeshift dock between the two U.S. Highway 17 bridges over the Ashley River isn't the start of the bicycle and pedestrian bridge, it's an excavation site for crews to dig 60 feet below the riverbank.
About 40,000 tons of dirt should be removed from the site by December, Fountain said. From there, concrete will be poured to line the new system under the two bridges and the Septima P. Clark Parkway, and a large water tank, called a wet well, will be installed. That will continue through next year and most of 2022.
Work on the $198 million Spring/Fishburne drainage project hit a milestone in June with completion of the mile-long tunnel underneath the parkway, commonly referred to as the Crosstown.
Fountain said City Council will soon consider a contract for the pump station. Completion remains on schedule with installation of a pump station in 2023.
The work being done is to target flooding of about 500 acres on the peninsula covering Hampton Park to the north, Meeting Street to the east, Charleston Center Drive to the south and Lockwood Drive to the west.
Downtown’s Calhoun West: Key votes expected soon
A study offering a "basket of different options" was recently completed by North Charleston-based Davis and Floyd and Kansas-based Black and Veatch, Fountain said. Those options include tunnels and surface improvements.
The area spans about 800 acres on the peninsula, from the Ashley River on the west, north to Cannon Street, east to about King Street and south to the tip of the peninsula.
Charleston's Traffic and Transportation staff are looking at options to building a wall — which is different from the Army Corps of Engineers' proposed flood-control wall around the city — starting at the Coast Guard Station and along Lockwood Boulevard. The wall would be as high as the current Low Battery, and, Fountain said, would prevent sunny-day flooding.
About $40,000 has been set aside for conceptual design of that project.
This is separate from the the Corps' proposed $1.75 billion, 8-mile wall around the peninsula. That plan could change the city's approach to Calhoun West.
Additionally, Fountain said, the design for a tunnel to move the water that now floods the medical district to the Ashley River underneath Ehrhardt Street on the Medical University of South Carolina's campus, is 90 percent complete. Final permits haven't been issued because the city is waiting for MUSC to finalize an easement agreement, Fountain said.
The tunnel would run underneath Ehrhardt Street and connect to President and Cannon streets, tying into the Spring/Fishburne project. It would drain about 27 acres into Spring/Fishburne.
Fountain said there's $1 million earmarked for design of the project, with an estimated $12 million price tag. The city will apply for Community Development Block Grant mitigation funding to assist.
City staff have identified, in conceptual planning, three pump stations at the Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, the upper part of Long Lake, and at the Broad Street and Lockwood Boulevard bend, as short term solutions to flooding. The Army Corps of Engineers proposed wall around the city, could alter the city's approach, though.
Downtown’s Low Battery seawall raising
Machinery that has been stationed along Murray Boulevard from the Coast Guard station on Tradd Street to Rutledge Boulevard will soon move east about 1,000 feet.
The first of several projects to raise the Low Battery wall facing the Ashley River about 3 feet should be done in December. That'll mean traffic that's been barred from using the northbound lane in that area will be reopened, but the southbound lane of Murray Boulevard will be closed off for road repaving.
The next phase of construction will span from Rutledge Boulevard to Ashley Avenue near Council Street. Construction could begin in the new year.
Downtown’s Huger and King streets: Construction expected early 2021
During heavy rain, about 2 to 4 feet of water fills the Huger and King street intersection. That'll likely stay the same through the next year as old, small pipes are replaced with larger ones and inlets are built for an eventual new pump station.
The area includes about 15 acres from Grove Street at the northernmost point, Ashley Avenue to the east, Sumter to the south and Hanover Street to the west.
Fountain said construction of the pump station could begin in early 2022. Charleston Water Systems is expected to redo its waterline in that area, as well.
All told, the price tag could reach $8 million, Fountain said.
Downtown’s Market Street: Waiting on Dominion
About $15 million of the total $40 million drainage project in the downtown Market Street area is done.
Fountain said the city approved Dominion's plan to place powerlines below ground in that area, but Dominion hasn't set a project timeline.
"Once those plans are set and underway, we can go for our construction bidding on that project," Fountain said.
Fountain said construction is likely to begin next year.
The 59-acre area includes Concord Street from Calhoun Street to Clifford Street on the east, about Queen Street on the southern point, King Street on the west and Society Street to the north.
Downtown’s brick arch replacements: Next section beginning in 2021
Roughly 900 acres on the peninsula are impacted by failing brick archways under the city’s streets, once used for sanitation and drainage.
Of the 54,000 feet that need repair, 3,000 have been addressed so far. The total cost is estimated at $30 million.
The next area to be improved is about 1,400 feet on Limehouse Street. City Council is expected to review a $1 million contract, and, if approved, could begin at the end of this year or early 2021.
West Ashley’s Forest Acres: Waiting on AT&T
The area experiences flooding during heavy or repeated moderate rains, causing extensive damage to some homes and dangerous conditions for drivers and pedestrians in those neighborhoods. The stormwater pump station was outdated, outmoded and undersized. The city decided to go with a gravity system instead.
The area includes Marvin Avenue to the north, Old Town Road to the east, Paula Drive at its most southern point and west of Camellia Road as the westernmost part.
The $20 million project continues to wait on delays from AT&T moving an underground transmission line.
Fountain said AT&T is "on the verge" of getting permits from the state Department of Transportation and could set a schedule this month. AT&T needs to relocate a concrete-encased bank of conduits for electric and telephone lines so the city can redo the canal there.
There's no hard completion date, but Fountain said he's optimistic construction could begin next year.
West Ashley’s Church Creek: In progress
The area is historically old phosphate mines and marshes. It is about 80 percent developed, with mostly residential but some commercial development in place. So far, the city has spent about $3.7 million for stormwater runoff improvements. Work started in 2017.
The area includes Ashley River Road to the north, Glenn McConnell Parkway to the south, just east of West Ashley Park and Church Creek to the west.
The city received a $1.5 million matching grant from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation for construction of rain gardens and protected marshland, Fountain said. It would primarily be spent in the Shadowmoss neighborhood, where homes were purchased and demolished last year.
After City Council finalizes a contract, work could begin in November, Fountain said.
Peninsula's East Side: $100,000 worth of pipes cleaned, rehabbed
Engineers from AECOM did a survey of the 200-acre East Side this summer, and city crews cleaned and rehabbed about $100,000 worth of pipes.
Fountain said improvement ideas could be presented by the middle of next year.
West Ashley's Dupont-Wapoo: agreement with Charleston County pending
City and county leaders are finalizing the cost-sharing of four projects in the basin, with an agreement expected before City Council in December.
James Island's Central Park/Wambaw Creek: waiting on project details
Engineering firm AECOM made a list of recommended projects and is finalizing the scope of work for two projects before it is presented to City Council.
That work area includes Maybank Highway on the north, Folly Road on the east, Ellis Creek on the south, and Riverland Drive and Woodland Shores Road on the west.
The county would cover the costs of road construction, Fountain said.
West Ashley's Windermere neighborhood: Contract awarded, surveyors out
The city recently awarded a contract to Thomas Hutton Engineering.
Fountain said surveyors can be expected in the area throughout October.