Anyone who has spent but a year in Charleston knows well the consuming arc of a major storm.

First, there is that dread of detection hovering over distant waters.

Then there is that uneasy anticipation, as the convergence of elements organizes or scatters, strengthens or weakens, wobbles east then west.

If it rips our way, those who have chosen to stay put resort to a helpless hole-up, eyes fixed on windows or glaring screens.

And, when the force of nature finally quits our pummeled strip, the waters recede in the aftermath to reveal just what wreckage is going to want fixing.

These days, storms seem all the more wrathful. However, for centuries they have packed enough destructive charge to captivate our greatest writers, composers and painters, who fish out pens and brushes to harness all that mayhem into timeless works of art.

Here are some resonant selections from foul-weather masters to get you through the wildest nights.

The Word

We didn’t always have such high-tech modes of getting word on incoming chaos, but we did have ways if we chose to heed them.

In Zora Neale Hurston’s 1937 novel, “Their Eyes Were Watching God,” its main character, Janie, spots members of a Seminole tribe fleeing the Florida Everglades. Detecting a hurricane, they pronounce, “Going to high ground. Saw-grass bloom. Hurricane coming.”

It seems there were storm deniers back then, too, as Janie and fellow field workers saw little cause for concern in the calm: “Morning came without motion. The winds, to the tiniest, lisping baby breath had left the earth. Even before the sun gave light, dead day was creeping from bush to bush watching man.” 

The Wailing Wind 

'Porgy and Bess'

Spoleto Festival’s 2016 production of “Porgy and Bess,” performed at the Gaillard Center, which includes Gershwin's composition of a Charleston hurricane. Provided

Composer George Gershwin lets loose a whopper of a Charleston hurricane in his 1935 “Porgy and Bess,” his opera based on the novel by Charleston author Dubose Heyward that came to the Gaillard Center as part of the 2016 Spoleto Festival USA.

The orchestral piece, “Catfish Row-Suite from Porgy and Bess: Hurricane,” eases us in with the languor of a sultry Charleston day. Then, the strings intensify, the brass blares and a hurricane bell ominously clangs, whipping up a frenzy as those on Catfish Row hold tight and ride out the storm. 

Hurston, the novelist, has an ear on the chaos, too: “Everything in the world had a strong rattle, sharp and short like Stew Beef vibrating the drum head near the edge with his fingers. By morning Gabriel was playing the deep tones in the center of the drum … Louder and higher and lower and wider the sound and motion spread, mounting, sinking, darking.”

The Italian composer Gioachino Rossini also unleashes a torrent in his 1816 opera, “The Barber of Seville.” Starting tranquil and slow, string-and-woodwind raindrops plunk in, before breaking out the cacophony of full-measure brass, booming percussion and screeching strings. It then ends again with a pensive pitter-patter. The storm has passed.

“The Four Seasons,” Antonio Vivaldi's early 18th-century violin concerto, delivers a madly dashing summer storm with force and velocity. It's made all the more powerful by the lush summer sounds surrounding it.

The Water

No one quite captures the rage and romance of the sea like 19th-century American landscape painter Winslow Homer. In his 1895 oil-on-canvas  “Northeaster,” sea-green waves whorl and crash in riotous abandon on massive black-brow rocks, while an ominous gray sky augurs trouble to come.

'Northeaster' by Winslow Homer

American artist Winslow Homer's 'Northeaster." Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of George A. Hearn, 1910/Provided

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And in that same century, Japanese artist Katsushika Hokusai reared his famous woodblock print of a blue wave over a dwarfed Mount Fuji in "The Great Wave off Kanagawa." Using scale, saturated blue and a nexus of motion and stasis, we are poised on the brink of disaster, threatened to be swept away by one magnificent, monstrous arch of sea. 

'The Great Wave off Kanagawa'

Japanese artist Katsushika Hokusai shows the power of nature in "The Great Wave off Kanagawa." Metropolitan Museum of Art, H. O. Havemeyer Collection, Bequest of Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer, 1929/Provided

William Shakespeare weighs in on how water can get on your last nerves, too. In the first scene of "The Tempest,” he gets things roiling with a violent sea storm, during which the character Gonzalo gains a new appreciation of dry land, something to which many a local would relate. 

"Now would I give a thousand furlongs of sea for an/acre of barren ground, long heath, brown furze, any/thing. The wills above be done! but I would fain/ die a dry death." Maybe Charleston's recent, scorching summer that shriveled many a window box was not so unbearable after all.

The Wreckage

Then there is the eerie quiet after the storm has passed, when we peek out of boarded homes to assess the storm's toll.

In Emily Dickinson's poem "A Thunderstorm," the famed shut-in captures in verse a storm from its start to finish, surveying the damage. 

“There came one drop of giant rain/And then, as if the hands/That held the dams had parted hold/The waters wrecked the sky/But overlooked my father's house/Just quartering a tree.”

From those initial little trickles to its ultimate savage onslaught, a serious storm evokes a dizzying churn of fear, grief, relief and gratitude. And, aided with a few choice words or strokes or notes, it also affords us with a greater understanding of our precarious cat-and-mouse game with Mother Nature.

It's no wonder artists time and again yearn for mastery over a storm. It is, after all, the very thing that cannot be mastered.

Follow Maura Hogan on Twitter at @msmaurahogan.

Maura Hogan is the arts critic at The Post and Courier. She has previously written about arts, culture and lifestyle for The New York Times, Gourmet, Garden & Gun, among other publications.

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