NEW YORK -- A dollar for a 40-ounce bottle of ketchup? Yawn. Four bucks for a 12-pack of Coke? No sale.
Even deep discounts on everyday items don't seem to be enough to get WalMart shoppers to bite these days, and other chains are worried Americans won't be in the mood to spend in the months ahead, which are critical for those companies.
On Tuesday, quarterly financial results from retailers including Home Depot and Abercrombie & Fitch showed that profits are rising because retailers are cutting costs and keeping their inventories lean.
But with the economy slowing once again and consumer confidence falling, they expect less out of the rest of the year, and they already have to push harder to get shoppers to buy.
Wal-Mart Stores Inc. hopes basics like underwear and socks will bring in financially strapped shoppers. It's also stocking smaller packages for the days leading up to when customers receive their government assistance checks, and need to stretch their last few dollars.
Teen clothes store Abercrombie & Fitch, which slashed prices on some of its jeans by 40 percent to get people to buy for the back-to-school season, is expected to keep cutting prices through the fall.
At Home Depot Inc., sales are being driven by small repair projects, not big renovations, and weak spending has caused it to cut revenue forecasts for the year. It has added more signs in stores pitching deals such as $19 fiberglass six-panel doors.
At high-end Saks, where even wealthy customers are scrutinizing price tags, is pushing shoes and handbags as a way to update customers' wardrobes without having to buy an entire outfit.
Even TJX Cos., which operates T.J. Maxx, Marshalls and HomeGoods and is stealing fashionistas from designer stores, isn't sitting back. It is dramatically increasing its marketing spending to woo new shoppers.
With unemployment stuck at almost 10 percent and credit still tight, that's going to be tough.
Wal-Mart Stores' chief financial officer, Tom Schoewe, said that the chain's deep price cuts in May and June, including the cheap ketchup and soda, weren't enough to bring people in the door and get them to buy other things.
The cuts targeted 22 foods and other essentials at an average savings of 30 percent. The original price for the big bottle of ketchup was $2.42.
"If low-income shoppers are passing that up, that goes to show you how tapped-out they are," said Ken Perkins, president of research firm RetailMetrics.
One key measure of revenue dropped at Wal-Mart for the fifth quarter in a row, dragged down by its U.S. namesake stores. Customers are having a hard time stretching their dollars to the next payday, and food-stamp use is still rising, the company said.
Middle-income shoppers are not faring much better. And stores can't even count on shoppers with jobs because of layoff fears. As for the affluent, they're holding up better, but wild stock-market swings have them a bit spooked, as well.
Retail sales were improving earlier this year, helped in part by a rising stock market. But things have slowed since April, and during this critical back-to-school season, echoes of the recession still sound.
Executives at Wal-Mart and other retailers say they expect back-to-school shoppers to wait and buy items closer to when they actually need them. That could force stores to discount beyond what's planned if they don't meet their sales goals in August.
Customers also are making purchases with cash or debit cards, afraid to rack up debt. Retailers also say shoppers are only coming out for deals.
"Sales are lumpy," said Joe Feldman, managing director and senior research analyst at Telsey Advisory Group.
The tough economy has apparently given fashionistas an appetite for bargains, driving some to discounters such as TJ Maxx. Its parent company raised its full-year profit outlook on Tuesday.
TJX's president and CEO, Carol Meyrowitz, said customer traffic "continued to increase significantly" during the quarter as more shoppers gave up shopping at high-priced retailers to seek designer brands at its stores.
But Wal-Mart, with more than $400 billion in revenue, is the biggest corporate barometer of consumer spending and the overall economy, and the picture isn't pretty.
In May, Schoewe said customers were having a harder time stretching their dollars to the next payday. Schoewe said Tuesday that consumers are no worse off than they were early this year -- but no better off, either.
Wal-Mart's customers also are focusing on paying cash for their purchases. Credit card transactions now account for only 15 percent of spending at the retail giant, said Bill Simon, who took over as president and CEO of the company's U.S. operations in June.
Wal-Mart couldn't immediately offer a figure on what it was in the past, but Feldman estimates that credit transactions at retailers generally account for about 30 percent of spending. Even in a stronger economy, the figure for the company would be lower.
Second-quarter profits from major retailers underscore how cost-cutting moves continue to help profitability.
But retailers face challenges ahead as shoppers are expected to remain frugal for the remainder of the year amid high unemployment that's stuck at almost 10 percent. Here's a snapshot of Tuesday's results, including revenue at stores open at least a year, a key barometer of a retailer's health.
Wal-Mart Stores Inc.
Net income: Rose 3.6 percent
Revenue: Rose 2.8 percent
Revenue at stores open at least a year: Fell 1.4 percent
Outlook: Raised annual profit forecast
Home Depot Inc.
Net income: Rose 7 percent
Revenue: Rose 2 percent
Revenue at stores open at least a year: Rose 1.7 percent
Outlook: Trimmed annual revenue forecast, raised earnings-per-share forecast after buying back shares
Net income: Rose almost 17 percent
Revenue: Rose more than 6 percent
Revenue at stores open at least a year: Rose 3 percent
Outlook: Raised annual profit forecast
Net loss: $32.2 million. A year earlier, it lost $54.5 million
Revenue: Rose 5 percent
Revenue at stores open at least a year: Rose 4.6 percent
Outlook: Didn't offer any new guidance but announced two more store closings
Abercrombie & Fitch Co.
Net income: $19.5 million. A year ago the company lost $26.7 million
Revenue: Rose 17 percent
Revenue at stores open at least a year: Rose 5 percent
Outlook: Said it will close 60 stores in the U.S. in 2010 as it expands internationally
Source: Associated Press
Mae Anderson, Emily Fredrix and Ashley M. Heher of the Associated Press contributed to this report.