DETROIT -- You can't drive far in the U.S. without seeing a Toyota Camry, Honda Accord or Ford Fusion.
Midsize sedans have been America's favorite cars for decades. That's changing. More people are choosing small cars like the Chevrolet Cruze and even smaller ones like the Honda Fit because they're worried about gas prices and car payments. There's another reason, too: Small cars are no longer the cramped econoboxes of the 1980s and 1990s, and they have many of the same features as larger cars.
Compact cars will outsell midsize ones as early as this year, forecasts J.D. Power and Associates, a marketing information firm. That hasn't happened in at least two decades.
Just five years ago, automakers sold nearly 250,000 more midsize cars than compact cars in the U.S. Gas was cheaper then, and automakers had fewer small models to sell. But by 2015, J.D. Power expects compact and subcompact cars to command 20 percent of sales, while midsize cars will account for just 14 percent.
For most of the past 15 years, the Camry has been America's best-selling car. And Toyota wants it to stay that way. This fall, the Japanese company released a new version that increases fuel economy to 35 miles per gallon and sells for even less than the old model. But it's facing tough competition from smaller cars such as the Hyundai Elantra, which gets 40 mpg and costs $5,000 less. Elantra sales surged 46 percent to 161,000 through October, while Camry sales fell 9 percent to 251,000.
The Elantra isn't the only competition. For a brief period this year after the Japanese earthquake, the Chevrolet Cruze unseated the Camry as the best-selling car in the country.
Melanie Jackson, 29, a paramedic, went shopping for a midsize car last summer but wound up with a two-door Honda Civic coupe because she was wowed by its fuel economy.
She says the Civic can easily fit her three sons, their backpacks, football equipment and groceries. And she averages 38 mpg and spends only $30 a week on gas. "I forget how to put gas in the car because I do it so rarely," Jackson says.
The Environmental Protection Agency defines compact cars as having 100 to 109 cubic feet of passenger and cargo space, while midsize cars have 110 to 119 cubic feet. That gives automakers plenty of room to play with.
One reason companies are racing to improve their small-car offerings is an upcoming increase in fuel efficiency standards. Carmakers have agreed to double the average fuel economy of their fleets to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. Companies will have to meet that goal with more efficient gas engines, hybrid technology and other methods.
But they'll also meet it by selling more small cars. The Ford Focus, for example, gets 5 more miles per gallon than the Fusion.
That difference is important to many car buyers because gasoline prices remain high. At an average of $3.34 a gallon nationwide, regular gasoline costs 16 percent more than a year ago. And it could reach $4 next spring, a level it almost touched earlier this year.
Of course, it's too early to declare the death of the midsize car. Sales have dropped before, most recently with the rise of crossover wagons such as the Toyota RAV4 and Ford Edge in the last decade. Those vehicles combine the roominess of SUVs with the nimbler handling and higher gas mileage of cars.
And midsize cars remain popular in the U.S. Five of the 10 top-selling vehicles in October were midsize sedans, and sales actually increased during the recession as people downsized from even larger cars, such as the Toyota Avalon and Chrysler 300.
However, small-car sales grew faster. And people also might move back into midsize cars if gas prices stay relatively low and stable, says Jeff Schuster, of LMC Automotive, a consulting firm.