Europe pushes Dow past 13,000

Traders were busy at the New York Stock Exchange this week, which ended on a high note as the Dow Jones industrial average jumped a combined 400 points Thursday and Friday.

NEW YORK — Faced with Facebook, Starbucks and Angela Merkel, the market chose to focus on Merkel.

For a second day, the U.S. stock market powered higher after European leaders, including German chancellor Merkel, pledged to protect the union of 17 countries that use the euro. The Dow Jones industrial average blew past 13,000, a key psychological marker that it hadn’t hit since early May.

It wasn’t that there weren’t any troubling signs about the economy. In fact, they abounded: U.S. economic growth was anemic in the second quarter.

A measure of consumer sentiment fell in July as people worried about their job prospects. And Facebook and Starbucks dropped sharply after reporting disappointing quarterly results.

But on this day, investors homed in on a couple of remarks coming from Europe.

Most notably, Merkel and French president Francois Hollande released a joint statement saying they were “determined to do everything to protect the eurozone.” That followed a similar pledge the day before from Mario Draghi, the president of the European Central Bank.

Merkel’s statement was closely watched because Germany will have to sign on if any plan to keep the euro countries together is to succeed.

For all the rejoicing, the statement from Merkel and Hollande made clear that individual countries aren’t off the hook, but “must comply with their obligations” — meaning a showdown over spending cuts is still possible.