NICOSIA, Cyprus — The largest haul of looted, centuries-old church icons, frescoes and mosaics ever repatriated to Cyprus were officially welcomed last week after a nearly four-decade journey.
A ceremony marked the return of the 173 items that were stolen from Orthodox and Maronite Christian churches in the Turkish Cypriot northern part of Cyprus.
The island was ethnically split in 1974 when Turkey invaded after a coup by supporters of union with Greece.
“The Church of Cyprus is joyous that after 40 years, the largest number of stolen treasures is coming back home, to their homeland,” said Archbishop Chrysostomos II, the head of the island’s Orthodox Christian Church. Chrysostomos also thanked retired Pope Benedict XVI for his assistance in the repatriation.
The religious treasures will be displayed and undergo restoration at the Byzantine Museum flanking the Archbishopric in the capital, Nicosia.
Communications Minister Tasos Mitsopoulos said many items were damaged when looters removed them from churches and cut them into more easily transportable pieces.
Chrysostomos said the aim is that all treasures can be returned to places of worship in the north once a hoped-for political solution to the island’s division is reached.
Museum Director Ioannis Eliades said no monetary value can be put on the items, including fragments of a 1,500-year-old mosaic depicting a clean-shaven St. Thomas and 1,100 year-old frescoes of unidentified saints.
The frescoes, from the church of St. Solomone in the village of Komi tou Yialou, are the oldest of their kind in Cyprus, which traces its roots in Christianity to the first century. The Apostle Paul is said to have preached the gospel in 45 A.D. and converted the island’s Roman governor Sergius Paulus.
Other important works include the 14th-century icons of the Virgin Mary the Merciful from the monastery of St. John Chrysostom in the village of Koutsoventis and a 16th century icon of St. Mark from St. Andronikos Church in Kythrea village.
Police discovered the religious treasures in a 1997 raid on the apartment of Turkish art dealer Aydin Dikmen in Munich, Germany. The treasures remained in the custody of German authorities until a protracted court battle could prove the Cyprus Church’s ownership.
“I’m touched that such a large quantity of religious treasures have been returned,” German Ambassador to Cyprus Gabriela Guellil said.
The church says hundreds of religious artifacts were looted from churches in the island’s north and many have appeared on the black market in Europe, the U.S. and Asia.