Summertime, and the livin’ was a little too easy for George Gershwin.
The Folly Beach home of authors DuBose and Dorothy Heyward — where the Heywards wrote and entertained composer George Gershwin in 1934 — is open for private tours.To book a tour, call Katherine Glick at 670-6224 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Even in the 1930s, Charleston could do that to you.
The American composer had come to town in June 1934 to write an opera based on local author DuBose Heyward’s novel “Porgy.” After flirting with the idea for years, it was time for Gershwin to finally sit down and put his ideas to music.
Eventually, his visit would inform a classic that is still popular more than 75 years later — the revival of “Porgy and Bess” is up for 10 Tony Awards tonight.
But before Gershwin and Heyward could collaborate, Gershwin needed to immerse himself in Gullah culture. And the Lowcountry world he discovered nearly inhibited Gershwin as much as it inspired him.
“This place is different from any place I’ve seen or lived in before,” Gershwin wrote to a friend, “it’s been hard for me to work here as the wild waves, playing the role of siren, beckon me every time I get stuck which is often and I, like a weak sailor turn to them causing many hours to be knocked into a thousand useless bits.”
The story of Gershwin’s summer in Charleston is local legend. He stayed at a beachfront cabin on Folly Beach that sat close to Heyward’s own, a two-story home that the author called “Follywood.”
It was a classic fish-out-of-water tale: the native New Yorker ensconced on an island with no bridge and one phone, a place where you had to carry in your own drinking water. Gershwin said 1930s Folly reminded him of a South Seas island.
But he had Siegling Music Hall deliver an upright piano, and went work. The Heywards served as hosts and tour guides.
“He would come here to eat and socialize,” said Katherine Glick, who now owns the Heywards’ beach house. “He just had to walk through the woods to get here.”
News and Courier reporter Frank Gilbreth, who later became famous as a novelist and columnist for the paper, found the “Rhapsody in Blue” composer enraptured.
“I have never lived in such a back to nature place,” Gershwin told Gilbreth. “At home I get up about noon. Here I will get up every morning at 7 o’clock — well, at 7:30 o’clock anyway.”
When Gilbreth returned for an update 10 days later, he reported that “Gershwin, gone native, finds it ‘shame to work’ at Folly.” By then the New Yorker was unshaven and bare-chested, and nearly tanned to black. He was enjoying himself — he’d found a Jewish deli on Folly, and took time to judge the Miss Folly Beach contest on the pier.
But by then the ideas were flowing. He talked to Gilbreth about the craps game scene, part of an opera that would be “serious and dramatic.”
In between his drives on the beach, and belting out ragtime on his rented piano, Gershwin had begun to investigate the Gullah and African-American culture of the Lowcountry.
He visited black churches on James Island. He sang spirituals with locals, and performed with the Society for the Preservation of Spirituals, a group of white singers that preserved songs that might have otherwise never been written down.
“I think he embraced the culture,” said Julian Wiles, director of the Charleston Stage Company, who wrote the play “Gershwin at Folly” nearly a decade ago. “He loved the sounds and rhythms of what he heard. But he didn’t want to use any traditional folk music.”
He was simply inspired by it.Gershwin also had a unique collaboration with Heyward, who was a poet as much as a novelist. While Gershwin normally wrote his music first and then his brother Ira supplied lyrics, Gershwin wrote much of his music around the lyrics written by Heyward.
In fact, even if the music for the classic “Summertime” wasn’t written on Folly, the lyrics likely were.
The house that Gershwin stayed in was destroyed by a hurricane a few years after his visit, but Heyward’s “Follywood” survives. Today it’s called the “Porgy House,” and Glick offers tours by appointment. It looks almost exactly as it did when the Heywards owned it.
The Sieglings also saved Gershwin’s piano, and in 1974 turned it over to the Charleston Museum.
“People come in here expecting to see Colonial artifacts and also find this — it’s a popular piece,” said Grahame Long, the museum’s curator of history. “We keep it on display because of the importance of it.”
It is now just another chapter of Charleston history.
Reach Brian Hicks at 843-937-5561 or follow him on Twitter at @BriHicks_PandC.
Grahame Long, curator at the Charleston Museum, plays a chord on the piano on which George Gershwin wrote the musical “Porgy and Bess” when he stayed on Folly Beach near the home of Dorothy and DuBose Heyward.×
Kathy Glick has restored the former home of Dorothy and DuBose Heyward on Folly Beach where he wrote the play Porgy. George Gershwin spent time at the house with Heywards writing the music for the play. (Grace Beahm/postandcourier.com)×
Kathy Glick has restored the former home of Dorothy and DuBose Heyward on Folly Beach where he wrote the play “Porgy.” George Gershwin spent time at the house with the Heywards writing the music for the play.×
Kathy Glick has restored the former home of Dorothy and DuBose Heyward on Folly Beach where he wrote the play Porgy. George Gershwin spent time at the house with Heyward writing the music for the play. (Grace Beahm/postandcourier.com)×
Kathy Glick has restored the former home of Dorothy and DuBose Heyward on Folly Beach where he wrote the play “Porgy.” George Gershwin spent time at the house with Heyward writing the music for the play..×