MUSCLE TENSION DYSPHONIA: /strongIt takes the interaction of 72 different muscles to produce human speech, so it's little wonder that sometimes, something can go wrong. Muscle tension dysphonia is just one of the ways a person can be left without a voice. It's most often seen in people with jobs that require a lot of talking: professors, lawyers, or call-center workers, among others. People suffering from muscle tension dysphonia may speak in a lower register and have a husky, raspy voice.

WHAT IS MUSCLE TENSION DYSPHONIA? Muscle tension dysphonia is different from patient to patient, and theories about its exact nature are varied. Some believe it is an incomplete relaxation or excessive contraction of the muscles in the larynx. Other theories say it's an issue of timing: muscle tension dysphonia is a lack of coordination of breathing and laryngeal muscle contraction. Regardless of the exact way it affects one's voice, muscle tension dysphonia results in impaired vocal fold vibration and the feeling of extra effort when speaking.

WHAT CAUSES MUSCLE TENSION DYSPHONIA? /strongThe exact cause of muscle tension dysphonia is also unclear. Doctors believe it is the result of the body reacting to some combination of internal and external irritants, such as:

(SOURCE: http://www.nyee.edu)

VOCAL MASSAGE TO RELIEVE MUSCLE TENSION DYSPHONIA: Recent studies have shown vocal massage combined with voice therapy can help people with muscle tension dysphonia. In most cases, massage of the throat, neck, or upper back will help relax overly contracted muscles and relieve the symptoms of muscle tension dysphonia. One exercise consists of the massage therapist separating the thyroid cartilage from the hyoid bone (the bone where the chin meets the neck) in order to help vocal folds relax. In some cases, the patient may be asked to hum or produce other sounds during the therapy.