Fort Macon's commander, Col. Moses J. White, a brilliant student at West Point who suffered from epilepsy, knew his fort was vulnerable to Union ground and ocean forces.

Still, he wanted to do the honorable thing. He defended his fort during the Union attack on April 25, 1862, until the 1,150 shells fired on the fort exposed his powder magazine.

Now a state site, it is North Carolina's best-preserved brick fort. It is found at the end of Fort Macon Road on Bogue Banks just across the bridge from Morehead City, N.C.