Armadillo control tips
Reduce watering and fertilizing lawns.
Fence or create another barrier.
Place mothballs to protect areas.
Drop mothballs, ammonia or another noxious odor down den burrows; trap-door the burrows so the animal can’t return once it’s out.
Live trap; put earthworms in a nylon stocking to bait. (The stocking keeps the worms from escaping.)
Shoot them if not prohibited by local law.
Armadillo Online!, University of Florida IFAS Extension
SUMMERVILLE — How do you snatch a burrowing armadillo? Well, if you’re brawny, 6 feet 1 inch tall and grab it by the tail ... um, you don’t.
Bill Quiroz tried. But he couldn’t dislodge the nine-banded armadillo burrowing under the fence in his Summerville yard recently.
“The harder he pulled on his tail, the deeper the armadillo dug,” said Karen Quiroz-Williams, his mom.
That’s the dilemma facing owners who try to rid their properties of a vagrant pest that tears up lawns, gardens and opens holes under patios and fences: The animals are virtually unstoppable digging machines.
Except there’s a secret: the noses. Armadillos are thought to hunt largely by smell, and scent-sensing membranes make up about one-third of their brains, said Joshua Nixon, a research zoologist in Minnesota who runs Armadillo Online!
“Anything with a strong, noxious odor can help evict an armadillo from a den,” he said.
The nine-banded armadillo is an invasive species that has found its way from the Southwest into the Southeast, through Georgia and into the Carolinas and Tennessee.
The bandied about “possum on a half shell” looks like a cross between an anteater and a platypus. It has a clueless sort of aimlessness that gives it an exotic charm for many people.
But it’s become enough of a pest that the S.C. Department of Natural Resources regularly fields complaints, and it’s open season to hunt them on private land; the state even allows night hunting for them with a permit.
Armadillos tear up ground and are claimed to damage foundations, a claim that is somewhat overstated: The modest tunnels they leave simply need to be filled in again.
They do carry leprosy, but reports are rare, according to the University of Georgia’s Center for Urban Agriculture. Despite any number of cases of people handling the animals, there are only two known cases of a human getting the disease from a wild armadillo; and in both cases the people ate raw or undercooked meat.
Once you have them, though, you’re in for a siege if you want to get rid of them. Nixon’s site offers a number of tips but doesn’t blink about the difficulty: “Remember if all else fails,” he writes on the site, “you can always rely on a professional animal removal service.”
And the trapper likely will have his hands full.
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