Navy hero John Paul Jones never had to battle Pentagon bureaucrats. But if he did, his personal messages show him to be a worthy, if not egotistical, adversary.
The Naval Order of the United States conference will meet in Charleston from Oct. 30 to Nov. 2 under a theme of “From John Paul Jones to Nuclear Power,” which ties in the former Charleston Navy Base and Shipyard.Anyone interested in making a donation toward restoring Jones’ letters should contact the Charleston Library Society at 843-723-9912 or by mail at 164 King St., Charleston, SC, 29401. For more information on the Charleston Commandery, Naval Order of the United States, call Hartley Porter at 843-297-8644.
“I would lay down my life for America,” he says in one letter written early during the American Revolution.
John Paul Jones
Who was he?John Paul Jones is considered a founder of the U.S. Navy. He was born in Scotland on July 6, 1747, and apprenticed as a merchant sailor at age 13. He earned his first command at 21. His early years were as a merchant skipper.When the American Revolution started, Jones was in Virginia. He opted to side with the Colonials. On Dec. 7, 1775, he was commissioned 1st lieutenant in the Continental Navy.Perhaps his most famous engagement was Sept. 23, 1779, when he commanded the warship Bon Homme Richard against the English vessel Serapis.In a battle in the North Sea, Jones’ ship suffered a scathing broadside. English Captain Richard Pearson of the Serapis asked Jones to surrender. Jones replied “I have not yet begun to fight!” The Americans eventually would win the day.Jones died in Paris on July 18, 1792. After his grave was forgotten to history, his remains were eventually hunted down and returned to rest in a crypt at the U.S. Naval Academy Chapel in Annapolis, Md.Start of the U.S. Navy“A Plan for the Regulation and Equipment of the Navy” is dated 1777 and is part of the Charleston Library Society’s collection. In part, it reads:“Let a dockyard be established at the most convenient and defensible Port, within the four eastern States, let another be established at a proper place, within the five middle states, and a third at a proper place within the four Southern States, let the Navy be formed into three divisions, one Squadron to rendezvous at each dockyard, let a principal Commissioner, a surveyor, a treasurer, and deputies if needs any with Clerks, and Storekeepers be appointed for each dockyard, let it be the duty of the Commissioners to superintend the Building, Repair, alteration, Victualling, Payment, and outfit of all Ships of War, let it be their duty to provide and have in constant readings, sufficient quantities of Provisions, anchors, cables, masts, yards, Sails, rigging Warlike and Naval stores, Slops and all manner of Articles which are necessary for the speedy Equipment of Ships of War, let it be their duty to examine Warrant Officers and to recommend them to the Board of Admiralty, let it also be their duty to inspect into the State and condition of each Ship, as soon as she arrives in Port, and to call the Warrant Officers to account for the expenditure of the Stores of their respective departments these Officers ought to make good all Wastage or Embezzlement.”Navy, Charleston Library Society
Of his own skills he states:
“My Honor must be saved, I am determined never to draw my sword under the command of any man, who was not in the Navy as early as myself, unless he hath merited a preference by his Superior Services and abilities.”
Some 240 years later, Jones’ 1777 notes and writings are about to take on a new and starring role.
After decades tucked away inside the Charleston Library Society, the writings and correspondence from the man considered a father of the U.S. Navy are in line to be restored and put on display.
Later this fall, the 13 pages spread across 11 letters will be featured by the local chapter of the Naval Order of the United States as it hosts the national meeting of the group in Charleston.
Never actually lost, library curators say it is more accurate to say the letters had disappeared from institutional memory before the conference brought them out to the spotlight again.
Jones had no known ties to South Carolina. His writings joined the Library Society’s collection back in the 1830s as a gift from Navy Capt. Edward Rutledge Shubrick.
The donation came at a time when the original Founding Fathers, and even their children, were drifting into the lost pages of history.
The letters, some of which are datelined out of Portsmouth, N.H., were written mainly to Joseph Hewes, the wartime Secretary of the Navy. One was a note to Benjamin Franklin in Paris. They are fascinating in their descriptions of trying to start an American fleet from scratch out of an alliance of 13 disjointed colonies.
“At present we have no Navy System or Board of Admiralty without which we can never have a respectable Navy,” Jones wrote in August 1777.
In another memo on the sustainability of an American Navy, Jones describes the need to create naval yards by geography. He is not specific but says one should be in the lower states of the Colonial South.
“Let a dockyard be established at the most convenient and defensible Port, within the four eastern States, let another be established at a proper place, within the five middle states, and a third at a proper place within the four Southern States,” it says.
The letters came to light when Hartley Porter of the Charleston Commandery — as the local Naval Order chapter is known — went to the Library Society seeking venue space for the fall conference.
That’s when Executive Director Anne Cleveland let her know about the dormant Jones collection.
“I said ‘I’ve got letters from John Paul Jones,’ ” Cleveland said.
“I said I couldn’t believe it,” Porter responded after seeing them up close.
The notes are in surprisingly good shape, though the original black ink seems to have faded to brown on the parchment paper.
As part of the conference, the Library Society and the Navy group are seeking donations and support to restore the letters, which will cost between $400 to $700 a page, depending on condition.
The plan is to allow people or groups to come forward as restoration sponsors so the documents can be sent to the Joel Oppenheimer Labs in Chicago.
Those who have read Jones’ original words came away with the impression that the Scottish-born captain, who first went to sea at age 13, possessed the certainty of mind needed to command a warship.
“He has an ego, no doubt,” said Bob Besal, a retired rear admiral and one of two founders of the Charleston Commandery.
Jones was clearly a man for the time, Besal added. “If you want someone as a leader, you want someone who is confident,” he said. “It’s pretty bold.”
Most of the letters are cleanly written, though some include “doodles” drawn on reports where the long-term sustainability of an American Navy long is discussed. Those doodles are reported to be from the hand of Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, indicating he might have been bored with some of the matters that day. The markings resemble life-sized oysters or waves, as some have described them.
Reach Schuyler Kropf at 937-5551.
A document titled “A Plan for the regulation and equipment of the Navy”, written by John Paul Jones.×
A document in the John Paul Jones collection at the Charleston Library Society lists possible Naval leaders, listing John Paul Jones as the 18th man.×
The Naval Order of the United States and the Charleston Library Society are hoping donors will come forward to help fund the restoration of the John Paul Jones collection of letters at the cociety. Pictured are David Porter (from left), Hartley Porter and Bob Besal of the Naval Order of the United States and Rob Salvo, assistant librarian at the Society.×
A document titled “A Plan for the regulation and equipment of the Navy” written by John Paul Jones have been part of the collection at the Charleston Library Society since the early 1800’s.×